Der internationale Handel wird bereits seit langem als wichtiger Faktor anerkannt, der zur Verwirklichung von SDG 2 beitragen kann. Die Stärkung des bestehenden Rechtsrahmens für den Handel mit landwirtschaftlichen Erzeugnissen ist die entscheidende Voraussetzung dafür, die Verfügbarkeit von und den Zugang zu nährstoffreichen Nahrungsmitteln jetzt und in der Zukunft sicherzustellen. Ausgangspunkt sind die multilateralen Handelsregeln, die einen Rahmen setzen für die Prognostizierbarkeit, Transparenz und Kooperation, um Verzerrungen zu beschränken, unnötige Handelshemmnisse zu minimieren und den Handel zu erleichtern. Die Einhaltung der internationalen TBT- und SPS-Standards spielt ebenfalls eine wichtige Rolle bei der Sicherstellung der Qualität und Sicherheit von Nahrungsmitteln und Schärfung des Verbraucherbewusstseins. Teil dieses Rechtsrahmens ist die Schaffung von zuverlässigen Rückverfolgbarkeitssystemen, um die Gesundheit von Mensch, Tier und Pflanzen zu schützen und den Handel zu erleichtern. Obgleich der Abbau von Zöllen und Außenschutz die Verfügbarkeit einer abwechslungsreichen Ernährung für die Verbraucher erhöhen kann, kann die Maßregelung von internen Subventionen die Produktion auf eine nachhaltigere Art und Weise erleichtern. Auch wenn die derzeitigen multilateralen Handelsregeln erheblichen politischen Handlungsspielraum zur Förderung einer nachhaltigen Produktion von und Handel mit Agrarerzeugnissen bieten, ist der internationale Handel zurzeit mit Störungen konfrontiert durch Handelshemmnisse, die Strafcharakter haben, und einem leichtfertigen Umgang mit dem Wert eines regelgestützten multilateralen Handelssystems. Eine Minimierung unnötiger Handelshemmnisse und der Abbau von produktions- und handelsverzerrenden Maßnahmen sowie die weitere Erleichterung des Handels sind für die Verbesserung der Nahrungs- und Ernährungssicherheit unabdingbar. Die Erreichung dieses Ziels ist nur mit gemeinsamen Anstrengungen auf multilateraler Ebene sowie mit dem Ausbau nationaler Kapazitäten möglich, um die Handelsintegration effektiv anzugehen, insbesondere in Bereichen wie SPS und TBT. Es hat sich als schwierig erwiesen, Fortschritte auf multilateraler Ebene beim Abbau von Subventionen, welche Produktion und Handel verzerren, sowie bei der Reduzierung von tarifären und nichttarifären Schranken zu erzielen und die Aussichten auf eine zügigere Liberalisierung in der Zukunft bleiben weiterhin unsicher. Innerhalb des jetzigen Rahmens globaler Handelsregeln eröffnen sich jedoch neue Chancen zur nachhaltigen Erzeugung von ausreichender und nährstoffreicher Nahrung und Erleichterung des Handels.
Die Technologien spielen eine Schlüsselrolle bei der Erschließung dieses Potenzials. Digitale Technologien haben ihre Leistungsfähigkeit unter Beweis gestellt bei der Erleichterung einer nachhaltigen Produktion und Verbesserung der Effizienz und Transparenz, Förderung einer Ausweitung des Handels, einschließlich der Verbesserung der Lebensmittelsicherheit, Finanzierung des Handels, Zollkontrollen, Einhaltung der Handelsregeln und Schärfung des Verbraucherbewusstseins.
Qu Dongyu, who took office on 1 August 2019 as Director-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, has spent his life working on how to make sure the world is fed.
Born in 1963 to a rice-growing family in China’s Hunan Province, Qu studied horticultural science at Hunan Agricultural University and then plant breeding and genetics at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. He later added environmental science to his knowledge portfolio while earning a PhD at Wageningen University, in the Netherlands.
He then progressed through a range of national and international activities, engaged simultaneously in science and management, all during a time when China’s reform and opening-up process led the country to dramatically reduce poverty and hunger in a country with 20 percent of the global population, 9 percent of the world’s cultivated land, and where over 90 percent of the rural population is engaged in small holder farm operations working less than 3 hectares.
His vision is founded on the belief that freedom from hunger is a basic human right, and that in the 21st century we have the capability to eradicate chronic food insecurity. While challenges loom, Qu’s cardinal principle is that “problems can also be the source of progress”.
Before coming to FAO, Qu served as China’s Vice Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, where one of his achievements was to promote inclusive and innovative development and make sure information and communication technologies (ICT) were available in rural areas so that more than 400 million farmers could use their smartphones as a new farming tool.
That vision has been consistent across a professional career that includes periods in central and local government, in and leading research institutes, and as a human resources leader at the China Three Gorges Project Development Corporation, a $40 billion investment project.
Among his national initiatives has been to improve reporting of wholesale prices for agricultural products in China and foster the establishment of more than 100 specialty production areas geared to making local comparative advantages work to the benefit of local farmers. As Vice Governor of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, one of China’s landlocked and poorest areas, Qu formulated action plans aimed at poverty reduction, disaster reduction and prevention, women empowerment, agritourism and mutual learning platforms designed to boost trust between ethnic groups.
Qu says he represents the combination of an “Asian soul” and a “global mind”. Recognized for scientific innovation as a young scholar, Qu has for 30 years been involved in international exchanges and orchestrated major events including the World Potato Congress, the International Rice Congress and the International Conference on Plant Protection, and participated in multilateral initiatives such as the World Trade Organization and the G20 as well as numerous bilateral initiatives involving Asia, Africa and Latin America. He has also directly helped design flagship South-South Cooperation projects with FAO and the World Bank.
His motto is “Simple life, but not simple work”.
He is married, and has one daughter.
Alan Wm. Wolff, became WTO Deputy Director General on October 1, 2017. He was formerly in private law practice dealing extensively with international trade matters. For the last six years prior to joining the WTO he also served as the Chairman of the National Foreign Trade Council (NFTC), the oldest American association supporting open international trade.
Ambassador Wolff served as United States Deputy Special Representative for Trade Negotiations in the Carter Administration and was General Counsel of the Office in the Ford Administration. He was acting Head of the U.S. Delegation for the Tokyo Round, and a principal draftsman of the basic U.S. law creating a mandate for trade negotiations. As Deputy USTR he was a founder of the OECD Steel Committee and its first chairman. He has served as a senior trade negotiator in, and advisor to, both Republican and Democratic administrations.
Prior to his service at USTR, he served in the U.S. Treasury as staff attorney for the National Advisory Committee on International Monetary and Financial Policy, participating in the work of the OECD Development Assistance Committee, reviewing lending policies in the IMF and the World Bank.
He represented the United States for the drafting of the Articles of Agreement of the African Development Fund and was director of the Treasury’s Office of Multilateral Trade Negotiations.
He is a member of the Advisory Committee of the Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE), is a lifetime National Associate of the National Academies, having served several terms on the Science, Technology and Economic Policy Board of the Academies, chairing its Committee on Comparative Innovation Policies. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
He has lectured and written extensively on trade topics including the need for a strong, open rules-based multilateral trading system.
He holds a J.D. degree from Columbia University and an A.B. degree from Harvard College. He is married to the Rev. Helene N. Wolff. They have three children and six grandchildren.
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Chris Forbes was appointed Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in May 2017.
Prior to re-joining AAFC, Chris was Associate Deputy Minister at Finance Canada from November 2016 to May 2017. In that role, he was responsible for providing advice on a wide range of economic, social, and fiscal policies.
Chris was Associate Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada from January 2015 to November 2016.
Chris was an Assistant Deputy Minister at Environment Canada from 2013 to 2015, focusing on environmental policies and regional programs, and he worked at the Department of Finance for a decade, in the areas of tax policy, social policy and federal-provincial relations.
Before joining the federal government, Chris worked for the Government of the Northwest Territories and the Toronto Dominion Bank. He holds a Masters in Economics from McGill University.
Ms. Zaha Waheed is the current Minister for the Ministry of Fisheries, Marine Resources and Agriculture. She was appointed as the Minister on the 17th of November 2018.
Born on 4th May 1968, Ms. Zaha Waheed has a long and rewarding career within the Ministry of Fisheries (Marine Resources) and Agriculture. Her career started in the Marine Research Section in the Ministry of Fisheries and Agriculture as a Trainee. Since then, she has performed the roles of Researcher, Senior Researcher, Deputy Director and the Head of Policy Plannning and Coordination Service from 1989 to 2008. Ms. Waheed was appointed as the Minister of State for Fisheries and Agriculture in November 2013 until August 2015. She has continued her services as an Executive Coordinator in the Ministry of Fisheries and Agriculture until June 2017. Furthermore, Ms. Waheed is a prolific writer and has published more than 25 technical papers on various marine research topics.
Ms. Waheed has also worked in the National Disaster Management Center (NDMC) which was formed on the 26th December 2004. In the aftermath of the Tsunami, she has worked on information gathering and conducting rapid risk assessments. Further on, her responsibilities was to address and manage the 15,000 internally displaced populations through out the Maldives. She has worked on finalizing the institutional framework of the NMDC and as well as establishing a National Platform for disaster risk reduction and enhancing community based disaster risk management programs.
Additionally, she was the Project Coordinator for Country Action on Convention of Biological Diversity at the Environmental Protection Agency, Ministry of Housing, Transport and Environment (2008-11). Her responsibilities included developing the objectives of the program including a Preliminary Strategy and Action Plan for planning, establishing and managing a system of protected areas in the Maldives.
Ms. Waheed was an administrator for the initiation movement of the Progressive Party of the Maldives (May-December 2011) and Registrar (2012-2013). Moreover, Ms. Waheed was appointed the Secretary General of the party in May 2013 and remained so when PPM won the presidential elections in November 2013.
Prior to her current role as the Minister of Fisheries, Marine Resources and Agriculture, she was the Project Director for the World Bank financed Sustainable Fisheries Resources Development Project from June 2017 – November 2018.
Ms. Waheed has accomplished her B.Sc. with Joint Honors in both Marine Biology and Oceanography and furthermore, she has also completed her MSc in Marine Science (Fisheries Resource Management).
Ms. Waheed is an active volunteer for the Society of Health Education (SHE), a non-governmental organization that promotes health and education amongst the local population, since it’s formation on the 7th of April, 1988.
I am the director and owner of KUNGO FARMS (PTY) LTD founded in 2009. My professional status is an agribusiness analyst coupled with 10 years practical experience in full-time horticulture and pastoral (livestock) farming. With anMsc in Food and agribusiness management and an MBA in Agribusiness, I am amongst some of the most influencial young people on agribusiness matters in Africa. I also serve as an activist for policies encouraging and promoting youth and women in agribusiness. My vision is to continously find platforms that will enable my contribution for the sustainable development of rural-Botswana and Africa as a whole through different agribusiness initiatives.
H.E Mr. Oumer Hussien Oba is the current Minister of Agriculture leading the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) and its affiliate institutions, mainly the Ethiopian Research Institute, the Federal Cooperative Agency (FCA), Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA) and the National Research Council (NRC).
H.E Mr. Oumer Oba is an Executive Committee member of Prosperity Party in his political career.
H.E Oumer was born from a very well respected ethnic Oromo farmer’s family on September 15, 1972 in the Arsi, region of Ethiopia. He has been exposed to farming at an early age instilling in him the discipline of hard work, the willingness to go the extra miles to get things done and to work with diverse community to solve multitude of problems at the grass root level and beyond.
H.E Oumer has served as Director General of the Ethiopia Revenue and Custom Authority; Vice President of the Oromia Regional Government; Head of the Bureaus of Urban Development and Agriculture with the rank of Vice President of Oromia Regional Government; Deputy Head for Bureau of Finance and Planning; Zone Administrator, Heads of Zone Finance and Planning; Head of Trade and Industry, Head of Culture and Tourism Departments. He started his career as a teacher in Ministry of Education. He has served over 10 sectors in the last 20 years.
In addition he is currently a board member of Development Bank of Ethiopia, Industrial Parks Development Corporation and Agency for Civil Society Organizations.
H.E Oumer received his BA in Economics in Ethiopia and his Master’s in Business Administration in International Business (MBA-IB) from Greenwich University in London.
He and his wife, Mekida Shale Gebewo, are parents of two daughters called Semira and Hawi and two sons called Fraol and Fuad.