Lateinamerika und Brasilien sorgen zunehmend für Schlagzeilen mit dem EU-Mercosur-Abkommen, dem Amazonas-Regenwald und der Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft im Allgemeinen. Auf der Sitzung der Expertengruppe wurde der Status Quo mit Zahlen und Daten über die Agrar- und Ernährungswirtschaft, und von kleinen und mittleren Agrarunternehmen bzw. Anbauflächen, in Lateinamerika erörtert.
„Ich bin der Auffassung, dass der Handel für die Zukunft der Landwirtschaft von entscheidender Bedeutung ist und auch einen Beitrag zur Gewährleistung der Ernährungssicherung leistet“, so Mario Jales, Ökonom bei UNCTAD. Ferner wirke sich der Handel zwar vorwiegend positiv aus, aber er könne durch handelsverzerrende Praktiken auch negative Folgen haben, wie z.B. Agrarsubventionen und Dumping. Laut Hendrik Schulze-Düllo, Senior Market Intelligence Manager bei CLAAS KGaA mbH ist Ernährungssicherung nur durch technologischen Fortschritt zu gewährleisten. Schulze-Düllo schlussfolgert: „Unsere Technologien tragen sowohl zum Schutz dieser Ressourcen als auch zur Produktivitätssteigerung bei. Hardware wie Gummiketten zum Schutz der Böden oder Landwirtschaft 4.0 für einen optimierten Einsatz der Betriebsmittel sind unser Beitrag zur Nachhaltigkeit.“
Alex Figueiredo, leitender Geschäftsführer der Europa-Niederlassung von Apex-Brasil ergänzt, dass der Handel nicht nur aus der Sicht der Exporteure von Bedeutung sei. Die Einfuhr von Agrarerzeugnissen aus Ländern mit natürlichen Ressourcen kann die Verfügbarkeit und Stabilität der Nahrungsmittelversorgung garantieren.
Lateinamerika Verein e.V. (LAV)
Graduated in Business Economics, occupied different leadership positions for local and multinational companies in the food, pharma and agribusiness commodities sectors. He lived and worked in different countries in Latin America and in Germany, such as Business Development & Commercial Head LATAM at Ferro Pharma GmbH; Associate General Manager and Finance Controller Peru & Ecuador at OLAM AGRO PERU SAC, Olam International Ltd.; Finance Controller at Neumann Kaffee Gruppe – Hamburg; Trade Director at Grünenthal GmbH – Peru e México; Finance Manager and Operations Controller for Kraft Foods International – Colombia and Brazil; Production and Business Director at Grupo Textil Unión – Colombia. Since 2019 he is the Executive Director at LAV – Business Association for Latin America.
„Trade is important not just from the exporter’s perspective. Importing agriculture goods from natural endowed countries can guarantee availability and stability in food supply.“
Leading Apex-Brasil Europe – in Brussels – since 2006, Alex has been highly involved in commercial diplomacy among Brazil and European Union countries. With previous positions as Manager for Apex-Brazil in Germany and for the German-Brazilian Chamber of Commerce, in Frankfurt, Alex has a strong business-oriented bases either from trade perspectives or political nuances. Portuguese-German bilingual, Alex holds degrees in International Trade and Economy from Brazilian and German Institutions.
“Our common challenge is to feed the world. Only technological progress is able to guarantee the food security for more than 9 bn people in 2050. Sustainability has to be the main producing principle. The core resources for agriculture are soil and water. Our technologies help to protect these resources while we are able to increase productivity. Hardware like rubber tracks for soil protection or Farming 4.0 for optimized use of inputs is our contribution to sustainability.”
CLAAS is a family business founded in 1913 and is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of agricultural engineering equipment. The company, with corporate headquarters in Harsewinkel, Westphalia, is the European market leader in combine harvesters. CLAAS is the world leader in another large product group, self-propelled forage harvesters. CLAAS is also a top performer in worldwide agricultural engineering with tractors, agricultural balers and green harvesting machinery. The CLAAS product portfolio also includes state-of-the-art farming information technology. CLAAS employs more than 11,000 workers worldwide and reported a turnover of 3.9 billion euros in the 2019 financial year.
Hendrik Schulze-Düllo grew up on a German farm. Dedicated to Agribusiness he joined CLAAS in 2006 after his studies of Agricultural Economics at the University of Bonn. After several headquarter assignments in strategy and distribution, he moved in 2014 to Brazil to setup a sales office. Since 2 years, he is now responsible within CLAAS for the long-term market research.
„For me a real good chocolate begins on the field: If it is possible to grow, produce, track and manage your high quality raw material in a transparent and sustainable matter, you will get the most indulgent product – for all of our partners in the value chain.“
Thanks to his long-time experience in the Chocolate and Cocoa World, Hauke Will knows the Supply and Value Chain of this most important raw material for high quality chocolate very well. From the beginning as a food engineer with the passion to develop chocolate and bring innovation to consumer he combines the indulgence of chocolate with its necessary technology and the understanding of the quality aspects in cocoa. After his degree in Business Innovation he started to setup the Ritter Sport Cocoa Farm “El Cacao”. With “El Cacao” Ritter Sport shows, how a modern sustainable Cocoa plantation could look like. With the spirit of innovation and the deeply anchored culture of growing cocoa in Nicaragua, it is possible to run these role model: Growing Cocoa in an innovative matter – in harmony with people and nature.
Graduated in Forest Engineering for Federal University of Federal de Santa Maria – RS (1988); Invited as a Forest Engineer in Forest Department of Stuttgart – Germany (1989), Austrian Research Center for Forests (1989), Ministry of Agriculture from Spain (1990), Forest board of Galicia – Spain (1990) and University Trás-os-Montes Portugal (1990); MBA Business management – Foundation Dom Cabral – Belo Horizonte-MG (2003); Pos Master Degree in Business Administration from Kellogg Management School – Northwestern University – Chicago (2004). Consultant from Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation – FAO; Consultant from SEBRAE National Inrural Management Projects, Certifications and Geographical Indications; Municipal Secretary of Agriculture of Municipalities from Santa Cruz do Sul e Rio Pardo-RS; Municipal Mayor from Rio Pardo; Current National Secretary for Family Farming and Cooperatives of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply.
The Ministry of Agriculture has programs and funding lines for fostering research and innovations related to the sector. The most important initiative of this Ministry is the Brazilian Livestock Research Company (Embrapa), founded in 1973 to develop a genuinely Brazilian tropical agricultural and livestock model, overcoming the barriers that limited the production of food, fibers, and energy in the country. The company has 42 research units and seven administrative units that are also involved in partnerships with other research institutions in Brazil and abroad.
The Incentive Program for Technological Innovation in Livestock Production (Inovagro), focusing on rural producers or production cooperatives, for example, finances precision agricultural equipment. The funds are destined for technological innovation and the development of livestock best practices with an eye to animal well-being; the acquisition of genetic materials; employee consulting and training; the u se of new farming equipment; and coffee, fruit and flower cultivation, among others.
“We are living a “Bioeconomy Momentum” and a transition moment in many aspects. Biodiversity is a Bioeconomy pillar. Brazil hosts nearly 20 percent of Earth’s biological diversity. UNDP has recognized Latin America and the Caribbean as a Biodiversity Superpower. Green Rio wants to offer a green marketplace for world players that wish to participate in this “momentum”, as well to highlight the players that have already committed themselves to sustainability, bioeconomy and circular economy. And, of course, social inclusion and quality living as fundamental forces in this scenario.”
Maria Beatriz Bley Martins Costa is a Brazilian entrepreneur and launched the Event/Fair Green Rio in 2012. This event turned out to be a very dynamic platform for green economy and 2016 gathered 2.500 people growing to 3.440 participants in 2019. With the presence of producers, traders, researches and civil society, Green Rio was chosen as stage for the signature of political international bilateral agreements, B2B workshops, startup dialogues and discussions on bioeconomy and biosociodiversity. Focus of Ms. Bley is Bioeconomy and its chances for the green and food industry as integrated initiative of producers, consumers and policy makers considering aspects of Innovation, Consumer Awareness, Networking and Business Meetings. She is member of the German Brazilian Agribusiness Initiative.
„I believe that trade is crucial to the future of agriculture, including in helping to ensure food security. While the impact of trade is broadly positive, it can have negative effects via trade distortive practices, such as agricultural subsidies and dumping. In this context, Latin America makes an important contribution to global food security, as it is an important food supplier, while maintaining low levels of domestic support and export subsidies to agriculture. Nonetheless, climate change and commodity dependence pose significant development challenges for many countries in the region.
UNCTAD supports developing countries to access the benefits of a globalized economy more fairly and effectively. By providing analysis, facilitating consensus-building and offering technical assistance, UNCTAD aims to help member states to use trade, investment, finance and technology as vehicles for inclusive and sustainable development.
Key challenges for commodity sectors in the future include climate change and the weakening of multilateralism and multilateral institutions. For agribusiness in the European Union and Latin America, critical issues include social and environmental sustainability, the distorting effects of agricultural subsidies, and the impact of private voluntary standards and broader sanitary and phytosanitary measures on market access.“
Mario Jales is an economist at the Trade, Environment, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Branch of UNCTAD, where his work focuses on agriculture, trade, green sector development and value addition. He oversees the National Green Export Review of Angola, a project under the EU-UNCTAD Joint Programme for Angola (Train for Trade II). Previously, Dr. Jales was an economist at the Commodities Branch of UNCTAD, project director at the Institute for International Trade Negotiations (ICONE), fellow at Cornell University, and research fellow at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). He has also worked for the World Bank, FAO and OECD as a consultant. Dr. Jales holds a Ph.D. in Applied Economics from Cornell University and master’s degrees from Stanford University and Georgetown University. His recent research has focused on commodities and climate change; commodity dependence; and trade in agriculture. He has published dozens of articles in peer reviewed journals and chapters in edited books. Most recently, he co-authored UNCTAD’s “Commodities and Development Report 2019: Commodity Dependence, Climate Change and Paris Agreement”, and authored UNCTAD’s “Commodities at a Glance: Special Issue on Gum Arabic”.