Languages: English, German, Chinese
The planned expert panel presents digital solutions for dealing with harvest losses caused by effects of climatic change. The panel analyzes implementation obstacles and discusses new approaches and previous experiences. One focus in the debate will be on experiences in Ukraine, Southeastern Europe, Central Asia and China. From this perspective, conclusions for other regions of the world should be drawn.
Going digital against the drought – New technologies and challenges in their implementation
Recent climate changes have caused agricultural producers to face significantly greater risks, both in terms of crop production and livestock breeding. Droughts are increasingly jeopardizing the livelihood of rural populations in arid and semi-arid areas. The dry periods of 2001–2003 and 2007–2008 caused, in Central Asia alone, the most devastating droughts in the history of the region, engendering numerous social and economic problems. In China and Mongolia, too, droughts are increasingly affecting the agricultural use of available land. In 2018, temperate zones, such as Central Europe, also suffered from droughts, although the extent remains unknown. According to IPCC predictions, the growing pattern of extreme weather is expected to worsen in the coming years in many parts of the world.
Worldwide, governments, industry and science are being called upon to reduce climate risks and mitigate the effects of extreme climate shocks. For its part, agriculture can contribute to greater climate resilience through efficient resource management and advancements in breeding. A further form of market-based risk management is index-based agricultural insurance, which provides businesses with financial security in case of crop failure. However, both market-based climate management and state intervention (e.g. disaster relief) require exact information on yields. The central challenge here is a timely appraisal of the damage, in order to quickly and efficiently take steps towards rectifying the situation.
The digital revolution provides possible solutions to these problems, notably through different forms of data collection, processing and communication with end-users. While the range of available technology is large, there remain, in both emerging and developed markets, numerous obstacles to its implementation, particularly in terms of cost-effectiveness, data security and networking.
The proposed panel will serve as a forum to present the possible applications of new technologies as well as the obstacles to their implementation in different parts of the world and to discuss innovative solutions and past experience.
Issues to be discussed include:
– How can digital technologies help reduce climate risks in agriculture?
– How can they be widely implemented?
– What challenges stand in the way of their use?
– How can they be improved?
Co-Chair of the German Agribusiness Alliance at German Eastern Business Association
Dr. Lena Kuhn
Digital technologies for risk management – Technical opportunities and implementation challenges
Dr. Olga Trofimtseva
Vice-Minister, Ministry for Agricultural Policy and Food, Ukraine
Head Of Business Development and Origination, Agro and Weather Risks, Munich Re
Prof. Dr. Vladimir Crnojevic
Director, BioSense Institute
Dr. Qu Dongyu, Vice-Minister
Vice-Minister, Ministry for Agriculture and Rural Affairs, People’s Republic of China
Dr. Lena Kuhn
Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO)
Vice-Minister, Federal Ministry for Food and Agriculture, Germany