From the sky down: Managing land use and soils towards net zero emissions

 

 

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

Time: Tuesday, 25. January 2022, 5:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. (CET), subsequent deep dive 6:00 p.m. – 6:30 p.m.

Languages: English, German

Summary:
Achieving net-zero carbon emissions and limiting global temperature increases to 2oC this century will not be possible without augmenting the world’s terrestrial carbon sinks. Expert speakers offered different approaches to progress in this area, via peatland and wetland conservation, building soil carbon sequestration by greening the land, accelerate sustainable agricultural productivity growth to save land for forests and conservation, and revisiting policies to encourage farmers to move in this direction. The discussion that followed confronted the different strategies and discussed means to combine those and others to progress towards climate goals for the sector.

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Moderator

Lini Wollenberg works on climate change and agriculture at the Alliance of Bioversity and CIAT and Gund Institute for Environment, University of Vermont.  From 2009 to 2021 she led the Low-Emission Development research theme for CCAFS, the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security. Prior to that Lini worked with the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) based in Indonesia and with the Ford Foundation. She received her PhD in natural resource management from the University of California, Berkeley, USA.  Her expertise is in climate change mitigation, land use, and social inclusion.  She has worked primarily in Asia, especially Indonesian Borneo.

Panel Guests

Hans Joosten (1955) is Professor of Peatland Studies and Palaeoecology at Greifswald University (Germany), partner in the Greifswald Mire Centre, and Secretary-General of the International Mire Conservation Group (IMCG), the world organization of peatland conservationists.

His key research topics include paludiculture, on which he edited a handbook in 2016, and peatland restoration on which he edited an overview in 2016 for Cambridge University Press and produced global guidelines for the Ramsar Convention in 2021. For IMCG he produced the books ‘Wise use of mires and peatlands’ (2002) and ‘Mires and peatlands of Europe’ (2017).

Since 2009, Hans has been intensively involved in UNFCCC negotiations and IPCC guidance development, especially with respect to accounting for emissions from organic soils, and in FAO in advancing climate-responsible peatland management. Since 2017, he is steering committee member of the United Nations Global Peatlands Initiative.

Claire Chenu is research director at INRAE (French National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment) and consulting professor of soil science at AgroParisTech.
She is a member of the research unit ECOSYS at Grignon in Paris area. Her research deals with soil organic matter, which has a prominent role in ecosystem services provided by soils. She addresses the roles of soil organic matter in soil physical properties and investigates carbon dynamics and sequestration in agricultural soils. She was the 2019 Soil Science medallist of the European Geosciences Union and the recipient of the 2019 INRA Research Lifetime Achievement Award.
She is very involved in the science-policy-practice interface and in awareness raising activities on soils. She has been nominated Special Ambassador for 2015 the international year of soils by the FAO. She is member of several international committees, including being a member of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the 4 per 1000 initiative. She coordinates the EU H2020 European Joint Programme SOIL that associates 24 European countries: “Towards climate-smart sustainable management of agricultural soils”.

Keith Fuglie is a senior economist with the Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, where he conducts research on the economics of technological change and science policy for agriculture. While with the Federal Government, Keith spent 2019-20 with U.S. Agency for International Development’s Bureau of Food Security, and in 1997-98 served as senior staff economist for the White House Council of Economic Advisors. He was lead author of the 2019 World Bank report, Harvesting Prosperity: Technology and Productivity Growth in Agriculture, and of the 2012 volume, Productivity Growth in Agriculture: An International Perspective. In 2012 Keith was recognized with the USDA Secretary’s Honor Award for Professional Service, and in 2014 he received the Bruce Gardner Memorial Prize for Applied Policy Analysis from the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association. Earlier in his career, Keith spent ten years with the International Potato Center (CIP) stationed in Indonesia and Tunisia, where he headed CIP’s social science research program and was regional representative for CIP in Asia. Keith received his M.S. and PhD in Agricultural and Applied Economics from the University of Minnesota.

Jonathan Brooks joined OECD in 1999 and is head of the Agriculture and Resource Policy Division in the OECD’s Trade and Agriculture Directorate, which produces the annual Agricultural Monitoring and Evaluation and biennial Review of Fisheries, and conducts analysis of how government policies can improve the productivity, sustainability and resilience of the agricultural sector. Before joining OECD in 1999, Jonathan was a Lecturer at the University of Reading. He has a Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics from the University of California, Davis, an M.S. in Economics from Purdue University, and a B.Sc. in Economics from the London School of Economics.

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