Designing measures to make rural households resilient to food security shocks
Friday, 17January 2014, 16:00 - 18:00 Uhr, ICC Berlin Hall 3
The European Commission released in October 2012 a communication to the European Parliament and the Council on the EU Approach to Resilience: Learning from Food Security Crises. The Foreign Affairs Council meeting in May 2013 adopted conclusions on the EU approach to resilience. A Resilience Action Plan has been adopted by the European Commission in June 2013, setting out the way forward for its implementation, in particular through the regional and national development plans.
Two major initiatives of the EU to build resilience of vulnerable populations are SHARE (Supporting Horn of Africa Resilience) and AGIR in West Africa (Alliance Globale pour l'Initiative Resilience).
Building the resilience of farmers in Europe is part of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and is increasingly being recognized as a key driver for sustainable agriculture and rural development. In the period beyond 2013, the second pillar of the CAP will be more focused on addressing the challenges of climate change and the environment to maintain and enhance the competitiveness of farmers. Building resilience will be supported through the Horizon 2020 research and innovation framework.
There is increasing awareness that a greater understanding and emphasis of ecosystem resilience is required to reach the goal of sustainable development. The European Innovation Partnership (EIP) "Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability" aims to provide a working interface between agriculture, bio-economy, science and others at EU, national and regional level. It will also serve as a catalyst to enhance the effectiveness of innovation-related actions supported by Rural Development.
The EU and its Member States will promote dialogue on resilience in its partnerships with third countries and in international fora and processes, such as the UN, G8, G20, the Committee on World Food Security (CFS), the Rio Conventions, the Global Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction, the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding (IDPS) and other processes related to the implementation of the New Deal for engagement in fragile states, the development of a post-2015 agenda, including the Sustainable Development Goals and the follow-up to the Hyogo Framework for Action of 2005-2015. The African Union has designated 2014 as the Year for Agriculture and Food Security. Risk management in the context of climate change and the impact on rural populations will be a key topic in the discussions on the food security dimension of Sub Saharan African populations in the post 2015 period.
The working meeting will bring together some key players from the EC, Member States, the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and Regional Development Banks (in particular the African Development Bank), Insurance and Reinsurance firms, EIB, FAO, IFAD and OECD as well as farmers' organisations in Europe and beyond.
The objective of the discussion is to take stock of existing measures and initiatives to make rural households resilient to food security shocks. Such measures include investments in technologies and practices that reduce yield variability; access to financial services and insurance schemes; and policies that help mitigate and adapt to climate change and national and regional weather data systems. The establishment of scalable safety nets, food security information systems, use of (weather, index) insurance and an enhanced capacity to use price risk management instruments are also key measures to develop a climate resilient agricultural sector. The focus will be on assessing the impact of measures to mitigate food security shocks and crisis on the livelihoods of small scale farmers in Africa.
Organiser: European Comission